The Declaration of Arbroath
Although the English armies under Edward II were routed at Bannockburn in 1314 and with the recapture of Berwick in 1319, which effectively expelled the English Forces from Scottish soil, the English continued to mount attacks into Robert the Bruce's Scotland over the succeeding years. The Pope had not accepted Scottish independence, perhaps partially because Robert the Bruce had been excommunicated for killing John Comyn in a abbey in Dumfries in 1306, to ensure his hereditary right to the Throne Of Scone.
It famously states: "for, as long as but a hundred of us remain alive, never will we on any conditions be brought under English rule. It is in truth not for glory, nor riches, nor honours that we are fighting, but for freedom -- for that alone, which no honest man gives up but with life itself". The Declaration was signed and bore the seals of 38 Scots Lords. It was conveyed to Rome and the Pope accepted the Scottish case.
But, why would the Founding Fathers of The United States who were trying to establish a fledgling American Republic use this document of antiquity as one of their guiding lights? Perhaps because more than half of our Founding Fathers were of recent Scot descent and knew the importance that the Declaration of Arbroath had on the establishment of a free Scotland under self rule.
The influence of the Scotland in the creation of the United States of America can never be over stated. Even today the presence of Scotland's greatest Warrior King is real and the legacy he left can still be witnessed throughout the whole Scotland and its People.
And perhaps Scotland’s Fight for freedom can be seen in the Founding Documents of The United States and in the Love of Freedom that is in Her Great People.
ROBERTUS DEI GRA
The Declaration of Arbroath in the original Latin
The Declaration of Arbroath Translated in to English